Detect Oral Cancer Early - Dentist is Edmond OK

Detect Oral Cancer Early – What You Need To Know

The ADA has provided us with a very comprehensive study on how to detect oral cancer early.

Dental health is important for many reasons, but in this article we will be taking special focus on oral cancer. Through awareness we can help educate ourselves and others in order to prevent, detect and treat oral cancer. Here are some key points to take into consideration from the ADA website:

Oral and Oropharyngeal Cancer

  • Although they border each other, the oral cavity (OC) and oropharynx (OP) are separate, nonoverlapping anatomic regions.
  • Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is the most common malignancy in the OC and OP, accounting for 90% of cancers of the head and neck.
  • OC and OP cancers account for 2.9% of all cancers diagnosed in the U.S. and 1.6% of all cancer deaths.
  • The 5-year relative survival rate for those with localized disease at diagnosis is 83%, compared with only 36% in patients whose cancer has metastasized.
  • The major risk factors for OC-SCC and OP-SCC are tobacco use, alcohol consumption, interaction between heavy use of tobacco and alcohol together, human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, and chewing betel quid (“paan,” often practiced in Asian, migrant Asian, and other communities).
  • The National Institute for Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR) provides an oral cancer examination protocol for dental practitioners.

Risk Factors

The major risk factors for OC-SCC and OP-SCC are tobacco use, alcohol consumption, interaction between heavy use of tobacco and alcohol together,10, 11 and chewing betel quid (“paan,” often practiced in Asian, migrant Asian, and other communities). Ultraviolet exposure may be the likely risk factor associated with SCC of the lip. Older age and male sex also increase the risk of OC/OP-SCC.5Smoking-associated risk appears to be dose dependent and correlates with daily or cumulative cigarette consumption. For patients who quit smoking, the risk for OC-SCC and OP-SCC declines over time and may approach that of nonsmokers after 10 or more years of cessation. Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection1 is a major risk factor for oropharyngeal cancer, rather than oral cancer (see following section “Focus on HPV”).

The increase of oral tongue SCC seen among young white women does not appear to be associated with either tobacco or alcohol use or HPV infection and has been suggested to have a different causative mechanism (e.g., genetic abnormalities such as Fanconi anemia, other oncogenic viral infections, or other environmental exposures). There is an increased risk for OC/OP-SCC in patients with certain rare heritable conditions, including Fanconi anemia, dyskeratosis congenita, and Bloom syndrome.

Signs and Symptoms

Two oral lesions that could be precursors to cancer are leukoplakia (white patches) and erythroplakia (red patches). Although there is a known potential for malignant transformation, the majority of leukoplakias will not progress to cancer. Some oral lesions will show a combination of red and white features, termed erythroleukoplakia, speckled leukoplakia, or speckled erythroplakia. Although less common than leukoplakia, erythroplakia and lesions with erythroplakic components have a much greater potential for becoming cancerous.

Because these white and/or red mucosal patches have an increased risk of becoming or already harboring invasive carcinoma, they have collectively been classified as “potentially malignant disorders.”1 Any white or red patch/lesion that does not resolve in 2 weeks should be reevaluated and considered for biopsy to obtain a definitive diagnosis.

OP-SCC develops most frequently in the tonsillar region and base of the tongue, often appearing as an ulcerated mass, fullness, or irregular erythematous mucosal change. OP-SCC tumors are thought to present at a more advanced stage than OC-SCC because of their ability to grow undetected and their propensity for metastasis. The most common chief complaints are the presence of a neck mass (from metastatic disease), sore throat, and dysphagia.

Other possible signs and symptoms of oral cancer that patients may report include:

  • a lump or thickening in the oral soft tissues
  • soreness or a feeling that something is caught in the throat
  • difficulty chewing or swallowing
  • ear pain
  • difficulty moving the jaw or tongue
  • hoarseness
  • numbness of the tongue or other areas of the mouth
  • swelling of the jaw that causes dentures to fit poorly or become uncomfortable

Signs and symptoms that persist for 2 weeks or more merit further investigation, such as a biopsy or referral to a specialist.

To read the full article on the ADA website click here

Disclaimer from the ADA

Content on the Oral Health Topics section of ADA.org is for informational purposes only. Content is neither intended to nor does it establish a standard of care or the official policy or position of the ADA; and is not a substitute for professional judgment, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. ADA is not responsible for information on external websites linked to this website.

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Dentist in Edmond

Dentist in Edmond: Oral Cancer

Dentist in Edmond on the Importance of Oral Cancer Screening

At your next visit to your Dentist in Edmond, you will want to ask about getting an oral cancer screening done, this will tell you if you are at risk to develop oral cancer. These screenings are important and try to catch the early signs of developing oral cancer before it can progress to a more advanced stage.

Oral Cancer is extremely treatable if it’s caught early enough in its development. Around 84% of oral cancer can be caught early if a screening is performed by a dental health professional.

How does an Oral Cancer Screening work at your Dentist in Edmond?

Your Dentist in Edmond will use many different tools during the oral cancer screen. During the screening, they will look for things in your mouth that should not be there, such as discoloration or mouth sores that don’t have an apparent cause. While it might feel invasive it is important for your dentist to feel around your mouth for lumps or abnormalities that would indicate the presence of Oral Cancer. If your Dentist in Edmond find’s something they feel needs to be looked at then they will take a sample and send the tissue off to be tested.

 

Dentist in Edmond explains risk factors for oral cancer

How can you know if you are at risk for oral cancer? The list below includes some of the risk factors associated with oral cancer.

  • If you’re over 40
  • Smoking or using tobacco products
  • Frequent alcohol usage
  • If you have HPV(Human Papillomavirus)
  • Men are more likely to develop Oral Cancer
  • A poor diet
  • Prolonged exposure to the sun

While most people who develop oral cancer usually have one or more of these risk factors the number of people who develop oral cancer and have no risk factors at all are rising. This is the biggest reason to get yourself screened during your next visit.

dentist in edmond

Dentist in Edmond on Oral Cancer Screenings

How can your dentist help fight cancer? Dentist in Edmond explains how.

You’ve heard it so many times throughout your life. It’s been seared into your brain by The American Dental Association. See your dentist twice a year for regular cleanings and check-ups. Clean and healthy teeth are part of it for sure, but another reason to visit the dentist is to screen for abnormalities. Your mouth can develop problems just like any other part of your body. Oral Cancer screenings are just as vital as screenings for cancer elsewhere on the body. According to the American Dental Association, 42,000 Americans will develop oral and throat cancers this year. The 5-year survival rate for these kinds of cancers is slightly higher than 64%. When cancer is detected and treated early, symptoms and treatment related problems are reduced. Oral cancer doesn’t just mean your mouth either, it can be anywhere from your lips all the way to the back of your throat. That’s alot of surface area not being checked regularly if your not going to the dentist. As your dentist in edmond, I’ll look for any signs of abnormality beyond just decaying teeth. I’m looking for redness, lumps, lesions and examining your bite. When I ask about your mouth, I’m wanting to know about soreness, tenderness or swelling. It may not seem like a big deal, but it could be symptomatic of a larger problem. I may ask about your family history, that might seem weird for a dentist but it can give me an idea of what diseases to look for.

If your in between visits and you notice anything off with your mouth, please do not hesitate to call your doctor. They will happily schedule an appointment even just to put your mind at ease. Remember, there are usually many reasons for things like redness, swelling, or anything abnormal. According to The American Dental Association, symptoms of Oral cancer can include:

  • A sore or irritation that does not go away
  • Red or white patches
  • Pain, tenderness or numbness in mouth or lips
  • A lump, thickening, rough spot, crust or small eroded area
  • Difficulty chewing, swallowing, speaking or moving your tongue or jaw
  • A change in the way your teeth fit together when you close your mouth

 

Patients are at higher risk for these factors past the age of 40. But it’s not impossible to find these symptoms in people much younger. Contributing factors include HPV infections as well as tobacco use. Keeping your mouth healthy with brushing, flossing, fluoride, a good diet, and of course visiting your dentist will all help in the prevention of oral cancers and other oral problems. And of course, don’t neglect your twice yearly appointments with us here at Ballinger Family Dentistry, dentist in edmond. Call today and schedule your appointment at 405-844-8445

 

For more information about oral cancers please visit http://www.mouthhealthy.org/en/az-topics/o/oral-cancer or http://www.oralcancerfoundation.org/facts/

oral-cancer- Edmond dentist

The Importance Of Getting An Oral Cancer Examination

Why You Would Need Oral Cancer Examinations

There’s never a good time in someone’s life for them to receive the news that they have cancer of any kind. According to American Cancer Society more than 30,000 cases of oral cancer diagnosed each year and over 7,000 of those cases result in the patient’s death. With such a high number of oral cancer cases, do you really want to take the risk? How do you know if you should get checked out? Today, our Edmond dentist will provide you with some information to help you make that determination.

First, our Edmond dentist would like to inform everyone that if you’ve noticed any of the following symptoms that have lasted longer than 2 weeks, you should have them looked at:

  • Red patches anywhere in the mouth or on the tongue
  • White or pink patches which fail to heal
  • Sores that bleed easily
  • Lesions or hardened white or gray areas (Leukoplakia) the appears anywhere in the mouth
  • Lumps in the throat or mouth

Our Edmond dentist wants you to be aware that while the above listed items may not always be cancerous, there’s a good chance that they are or they can certainly lead to cancer and should be taken seriously. It is reported that about 75% of oral cancers are linked to behaviors such as smoking, other forms of tobacco use, and alcohol consumption. It’s highly important to cease use of toxic entities if you notice that you have any sores in the mouth that aren’t healing.

Seeing a dentist, such as our Edmond dentist is the first step in the cancer screening process. As oral cancer can spread rapidly and happen to anyone, it is recommended to have a comprehensive oral cancer screening at least once each year. Once a determination is made about your screening, a more extensive plan and treatment options may be discussed.

To receive your screening and rule out the possibility that you may have oral cancer, please feel free to make an appointment with our Edmond dentist. We also treat adults and families, so don’t hesitate to come and see us!